Locke believed that mankind, when left to their own devices, was fundamentally good, and had every right and ability to determine their own futures.
He also believed in a government, whose main purpose would be the enforcement of certain laws protecting property and lives, and to provide for national defense.
He considered autocracy and divine right an outdated myth, imposed on people who, up until his day had allowed themselves to be subjugated.
He argued that no one person had no right to hold authority over others
Hobbes insisted that a ruling monarch, with indisputable power over his people, was the only sustainable government.
A product of centuries of autocracy, he remained convinced that only a monarch with supreme power had the capability of protecting a country and maintaining law and order among the people.
Locke, believed that people were inherently good, and would choose, for the most part, to do what was right for all.
Hobbes’ view of humanity was less than complimentary, believing that the life of mankind was basically “….solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short..”
He believed that every man was concerned with his own life, ambitions, and survival, and not the welfare of others, or the country.
Democracy, in any form, Hobbes believed, would lead to thousands of dissenting people with no common goal, resulting in anarchy
Locke argued that education was needed for all.
In the world of Hobbes’ autocratic government, there was no need for the masses to be educated or have opinions,
Ref:Locke, John. On Politics and Education. New York: Published for the Classics Club by W.J. Black, 1947